What does RACI matrix mean?
A RACI responsibility matrix is a table that lists the tasks and responsibilities of each staff member. The matrix also includes who is accountable for each task, who is informed about it, and who can authorize it.
The RACI acronym stands for:
Responsible — The person or group that carries out the task described in the cell (e.g., a programmer). This is the person who will be ultimately accountable for completion of a given task or deliverable.
Accountable — The person or group that holds decision-making authority over the task described in the cell (e.g., project manager). These are people who are assigned responsibility and given authority over aspects of the project, but they aren't expected to complete it themselves. They can delegate some tasks down to others under them, but ultimately they're still responsible for making sure those tasks are completed by someone else.
Consulted — The person or group that provides information or advice on the task described in the cell (e.g., technical writer). It means that these people provide input into decisions made around their area of expertise but aren't expected to take on any direct responsibility with regard to what gets done at all.
Informed — The person or group to which information is reported on the task described in the cell (e.g., accountants). This person needs to know what's happening so they can make decisions based on that information, but they're not responsible for actually doing anything themselves (they just need to know).