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Тренинги, Курсы, Обучение — Agile, Scrum, OKR
Тренинги, Курсы, Обучение — Agile, Scrum, OKR
Тренинги, Курсы, Обучение — Agile, Scrum, OKR
17 October, 2022 г.
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What is the artificial intelligence?

Artificial intelligence, or AI, is the capability of a machine to exhibit intelligent behavior. The term was coined in…

What is the artificial intelligence?

Artificial intelligence, or AI, is the capability of a machine to exhibit intelligent behavior. The term was coined in 1956 by computer scientist John McCarthy and has previously been defined as "the science and engineering of making intelligent machines." In this sense, it is related to the similar task of using computers for control, but AI does not have to confine itself to methods that are biologically observable.

Artificial intelligence (AI) is the ability of machines to perform tasks that normally require human intelligence, such as visual perception, speech recognition and decision-making. Artificial intelligence is also the field of study devoted to creating machines that behave in a way that's considered intelligent.

The term "artificial intelligence" was coined in 1955 by John McCarthy, who defined it as "the science and engineering of making intelligent machines." Though AI has existed in some form since antiquity, modern AI began to take shape in the 1950s when researchers started trying to solve problems that required human-like reasoning and problem-solving skills.

In 1956, MIT researcher Herbert Simon predicted that machines would someday be "capable of doing any work a man can do." In 1957, Herb Gelernter published one of the first AI programs on an IBM 704 computer at Cornell University. The program solved algebra word problems by looking for patterns rather than using complex algorithms or rules.

Artificial intelligence, or AI, is the intelligence exhibited by machines that have been programmed to perform tasks that normally require human intelligence. Artificial intelligence can be categorized into several different types. Some types of AI are:

Narrow AI—A type of AI that specializes in one particular function and is not capable of performing any other tasks. For example, a calculator is an example of narrow AI because it only calculates numbers.

Generalized AI—This type of AI can perform many different tasks but is not specialized in any one area. For example, a computer with a program that can play chess would be considered generalized AI because it has the capability of playing many different games such as checkers or backgammon.

Supervised learning—A type of machine learning where the computer learns from examples provided by humans and then make decisions based on what it has learned which are usually correct but can sometimes lead to incorrect conclusions when the data set used during training does not contain enough information for making good decisions (for example: if there aren't any cars around then its unlikely that there will be any accidents involving cars).

What are the 4 types of AI?

There are four types of AI:

  1. Narrow AI: This is the most common type of AI and it is used in devices we use every day like smartphones, computers, and smart speakers.

  2. General AI: This type has not been developed yet but it would mean that machines have the ability to think like humans and complete tasks without any human input.

  3. Superintelligence: This type of AI would be able to solve problems that no human could solve or even understand.

  4. Artificial consciousness: This type of AI would be able to reproduce human behavior, emotions and thought patterns resulting in a sentient being that can function independently from humans

Who invented AI?

Almost everyone knows that the term "artificial intelligence" was coined in 1956 by John McCarthy, a computer scientist and mathematician. But who invented AI?

The answer is Alan Turing. The British scientist developed a machine called the "Turing Machine" that could play chess as well as any human player, and he also developed the idea of "Turing Test," which is used to determine if a machine is capable of thinking like a human being.

Turing died from cyanide poisoning in 1954 at the age of 41—it's believed that he committed suicide because he was gay.

Although many people have contributed to the development of AI, it all began with Alan Turing.

The concept of artificial intelligence was first proposed in the 1950s by Alan Turing, who suggested that machines could be programmed to "think" like humans. The idea was inspired by his work on the Enigma code-breaking machine during World War II.

AI has been a popular topic of study at MIT since 1956, when Professor John McCarthy founded its Artificial Intelligence Laboratory there. The lab's name has since been changed to the Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL).

There are many different types of artificial intelligence, including: machine learning (the ability for computers to learn from data), natural language processing (the ability for computers to understand human language), computer vision (the ability for computers to see), robotics (the ability for computers to perform physical tasks), and expert systems (which use logical reasoning).

The next big break came in 1969 when Marvin Minsky wrote his book Perceptrons: An Introduction to Computational Geometry, which laid out his ideas about how neural networks might be used in artificial intelligence systems. During this same time period (1969), Arthur Samuel invented his famous backgammon-playing program, which he called BKG 9.3

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