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Тренинги, Курсы, Обучение — Agile, Scrum, OKR
Тренинги, Курсы, Обучение — Agile, Scrum, OKR
Тренинги, Курсы, Обучение — Agile, Scrum, OKR
17 October, 2022 г.
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What is Theory X and Theory Y management?

Theory X management is a traditional approach to leadership. It assumes that employees are lazy, unmotivated, and need to be controlled by…

What is Theory X and Theory Y management?

Theory X and Theory Y are both management theories that were developed by Douglas McGregor in the 1960s.

Theory X and Theory Y management are two different ways of looking at the relationship between an employer and employee.

Theory X management is a traditional approach to leadership. It assumes that employees are lazy, unmotivated, and need to be controlled by their managers. In Theory X management, people work only because they want money or other rewards (such as recognition).

Theory Y management is a more modern approach to leadership. It assumes that employees are inherently motivated and productive, and that they need to be given the opportunity to use their skills and abilities in order to be productive.

Theory X is the belief that people dislike work, avoid responsibility, and prefer to be directed by others. As a result, managers should treat workers as if they need to be controlled and coerced into completing tasks.

Theory X assumes that workers are inherently lazy and need to be coerced into productive activity by the threat of punishment. In other words, the company's managers believe that employees dislike work and will only do it if they are forced to.

Theory Y is the opposite of Theory X: it's based on the idea that people enjoy work, want to take responsibility for their own goals, and can be trusted to complete tasks if given proper training and autonomy. As a result, managers should treat workers as if they are capable of making good decisions and achieving success independent of supervision.

Theory Y assumes that workers are inherently interested in their work, and want to progress professionally. Managers who subscribe to this theory believe that their employees should be encouraged to take on more responsibility, rather than being micromanaged.

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